Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent Video Game Law

May 21, 2011 -

We’re all on pins and needles waiting for the Supreme Court to finally release its decision on Brown v. EMA, so why not relieve some tension listening to an academic offer his less-than-impressed analysis of the evidence supporting the violent video game law authored by California State Senator Leland Yee.

Dr. Paul Ballas is a Philadelphia psychiatrist who deals with examining psychiatric illnesses in children and one of dozens who signed an amicus brief in support of the EMA.  At the recent Games Beyond Entertainment conference in Boston, Ballas examined whether Yee's evidence supported his argument that playing violent video games is a harmful thing for the kiddies to do.

Believing that any law based on research-backed harm has the responsibility to prove that it will actually alleviate said harm, Ballas looked at three studies Yee used to support his law.

The first was Douglas Gentile’s 2004 study that surveyed 607 eighth and ninth graders, asking them what types of video games they played, how violent the games were, what the students’ hostility levels were, etc.  Ballas pointed out that none of this self-reported data was corroborated.

"I've worked with 14-year-olds long enough to know that if you give them a long list of questions, and they're bored, and there's no downside to making up stuff, they'll just make up stuff," Ballas said. “What's fascinating is that there's stuff that [the study authors] could have absolutely double-checked, like grades. But they didn't do that. They didn't send requests for report cards in this study.”

The second study was covered in Craig Anderson’s 2004 book “Violent Video Game Effect.”  It measured the blood pressure of 130 college students after they had played a violent video game.  The obvious problem is that this study didn’t look at kids so it’s not applicable as evidence in the first place.  Also, Ballas wasn’t impressed by the increases in blood pressure the students experienced.

“Blood pressure goes up when you do lots of different things,” Ballas said, citing that musicians often report a rise in blood pressure whenever they perform. “It doesn't mean that they should stop performing, it just means that they were excited to do that activity.”

The third study (Jeanne Funk, 2004) measured the empathy levels of 150 fourth and fifth graders after they had played a violent video game.  While Ballas found the measures used in the study reasonable, the study’s conclusion doesn’t do much to support the need for Yee’s law anyway.

“The authors stated at the end of the study, however, that the relationships identified between the source of violence exposure and indicators of desensitization did not necessarily translate into causality. The authors further noted that children with lower empathy scores, and pro-violence attitudes, may simply have just been drawn to violent video games. The study also had a small sample size with no control group for pertinent variables like deviant peer influence and family violence.”

While it’s always fun to watch someone in the know eviscerate a law most of us actively dislike, the big question remains: what does the Supreme Court think?  We’ll find out sometime in the next month or so.  At least, as long as the world doesn’t end today.

Stay tuned...

Via: Gamasutra

-Reporting from San Diego, GamePolitics Contributing Editor Andrew Eisen


Comments

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

Dr. Ballas should have been the one giving our amicus brief.

This is it. If the SCOTUS rules in our favor, it's not just CA that wins, but every state that still has some law banning or restricting games has to revoke those laws, because they will be, finally, declared 1rst Amendment protected!

But if Yee wins, everybody looses. Cause every state can pass whatever they want. But we don't back down. We keep fighting, never give up, and never back down.

"This is America. We go in, making bribes and threats until we get what we want!" Jimmy Hopkins

 

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

Not to mention that they likely won't stop there and might begin going after other forms of media.

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

I recently read through a report on the Comic book hearings back in the 50s. The evidence and research they gathered actually felt more compelling and reasonable than the crap CA has been pushing out.

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

Any examples?  Wertham WAS actually a good psychologist (he gave expert testimony in Brown v Board) but to the best of my knowledge his evidence against comics basically came down to the fact that juvenile delinquents all read them -- which wasn't exactly useful information in an era where ALL children read comics.

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

A lot of testimonials from criminals. It was mostly about the sexual stimulation they got from reading comic books. That's all I can remember off the top of my head.

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

SO in a nut shell his evidence was pretty much the same as the evidence agaisnt games now.

Re: Psychiatrist Examines Studies Supporting CA's Violent ...

The world hasn't ended in Autralia, where they lack R-18 ratings for games. So we'll find out soon enough.

On that note- Harold Camping can suck it.

 
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Andrew EisenMatt - Why would you immediately turn your nose up at medium.com? It's just a platform anyone can use. I've been linked to articles by people on both sides of the argument.08/03/2015 - 5:43pm
MattsworknameIP: at this point, theres pretty much nothing you can say that we don't discount right away cause your bias and personal hatred colors pretty much everythng you say. But, for the record. Medium.com? really? We should belive that in any way shape or form?08/03/2015 - 5:38pm
IronPatriotbenohawk, TotalBiscuit is a totalLIAR and decided to be part of the gamergate problem.08/03/2015 - 4:27pm
IronPatriotbenohawk, here are some of TotalBiscuit's totalLIES against gamergate victims: https://medium.com/@SvizraLion/everything-totalbiscuit-got-wrong-in-way-too-many-words-4df407e8113c08/03/2015 - 4:27pm
IronPatriotbenohawk, TotalBiscuit claims he's against harassment, but he joined a movement created for harassment and told inflammatory lies about the victims of gamergate.08/03/2015 - 4:25pm
IronPatriotbenohawk, TotalBiscuit told massive lies about gamergate victims like Sarkeesian. What difference does it make if one side of his mouth says he's against harassment when he joins a movement created for harassment?08/03/2015 - 4:23pm
Big PermIn the end, I can respect it being their tournament with their rules.08/03/2015 - 3:58pm
Andrew EisenHell, I don't like a lot of character designs/costumes but I don't believe I've ever actually been upset by one.08/03/2015 - 3:58pm
Andrew EisenMatthew - There are always people upset with every character design in existence. So? You can't please everyone.08/03/2015 - 3:57pm
Andrew EisenI think it was more an attempt for everyone else to take it seriously. Either way, it was just a suggested option for tournament organizers.08/03/2015 - 3:56pm
Big PermI can't imagine a DoA tournament existed beforehand to showcase the boob physics. I'd think it was already taken seriously by the people who play it08/03/2015 - 3:55pm
Andrew EisenYeah, I remember the "let's suggest an optional restrict certain outfits from Dead or Alive tournament play to encourage people to take the game seriously and focus on the gameplay." That should have nothing to do with DOAX3 localization decisions though.08/03/2015 - 3:54pm
Big PermProbably just twitter drama then. I don't remember game sites being surprised DoA had bouncing boobs08/03/2015 - 3:53pm
Matthew Wilsonin any case people who want it can just import it, unlike Nintendo, the ps4 isnt region locked08/03/2015 - 3:53pm
Matthew Wilsonthe costumes stuff I am ok with. its their tourament, but people were getting upset by the disgin of the characters08/03/2015 - 3:51pm
Matthew Wilsonthat was a difrent more recent one.08/03/2015 - 3:49pm
benohawkI don't remember the exact game and tourney, but Matt and Perm are right that they tried to ban dome female costumes from a tournament a few months ago08/03/2015 - 3:49pm
Big PermLink to community forums that have tournament rules http://www.freestepdodge.com/threads/fsd-doa-tournament-standard-rules.156/08/03/2015 - 3:48pm
Matthew WilsonI belive it was dead or alive08/03/2015 - 3:48pm
Andrew EisenWho was getting upset by how the females looked in what?08/03/2015 - 3:46pm
 

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