Sony released the PlayStation 3 on November 11, 2006 in Japan; in North America on November 17, 2006; and in Europe, Australia, the Middle East, Africa and New Zealand on March 23, 2007. China never got access to the system because the Chinese government didn't approve it for sale in the region. Nearly seven years later it looks like Chinese gamers finally have some hope of playing PlayStation 3 titles legally. Chinese authorities have actually granted the PS3 a "China Compulsory Certificate" in July according to Techinasia, but the console has yet to be made available to consumers there.
Now it's really up to Sony to bring the system there. The Chinese market is tricky because of the mass gray market for the hardware and software already there and the government's lax enforcement of copyright. The Chinese government allows for consoles to be sold if they are labeled as "home entertainment devices." Sony joins Microsoft and Nintendo who have never released a home console in the region - we think - mostly due to concerns about piracy of software.
Nintendo does sell other hardware in the country under the iQue brand and is set to release the 3DS XL in China this December with three different designs. All of the hand-held models will come with Mario Kart 7 and Super Mario 3D Land pre-loaded.