The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has released its 2013 Special 301 Report, detailing regions outside of the United States that are havens for piracy and do not enforce US copyrights. At the top of that list (which mentions 40 different countries) is Russia. Russia is named in the Priority Watch List, along with Algeria, Argentina, Chile, China, India, Indonesia, Venezuela, and Pakistan. China gets a lot of attention in this particular report, as does Russia.
The annual report takes into consideration the recommendations of rights holders and their trade representatives including the Entertainment Software Association, the Motion Picture Association of America, and the Recording Industry Association of America.
As Gamasutra points out, the ESA is generally pleased with the report but thinks that "the need for a legal framework to address online piracy problems" is important. The last proposal for a legal framework to deal with piracy and copyright infringement backed by the ESA was SOPA, for the record… The comments on a need for a legal framework to deal with piracy was directed at Russia being at the top of the "Priority Watch List."
You can read the USTR's full report here.