Earlier this week, a new study began making the press rounds (we caught it at news.com.au) that linked the play of particular video games to teens' propensity for risky behavior.
And no, this one is not from Craig Anderson, Brad Bushman or Douglas Gentile!
No, this study comes from Dartmouth College who surveyed about 5000 US teenagers over the phone, four separate times over a period of four years. During each call, interviewers queried participants on how often they played video games and if they played any of three games the study identified as "violent and risk-glorifying in content" – Spiderman II, Grand Theft Auto III, and Manhunt.
Participants were then asked how often they consumed alcohol and smoked cigarettes. Later calls, asked 18-and-older participants about sexual activity and deviant behavior (such as getting into fights).
This sounds exactly like a study Dartmouth did a few years ago concerning video game play and dangerous driving habits. Reading the old study, we found that the authors, procedure and makeup of the study participants was exactly the same.
We contacted lead author Professor Jay Hull for clarification:
"The previous [study] dealt with reckless driving," says Hull. "This deals with alcohol (drinking frequency, quantity, binge drinking), cigarette smoking, aggression, risky sex, and delinquent behavior. They are from the same multi-wave data set. Although the driving paper came out separately, we wanted to package all the rest together to make the point that the deviant behavioral effects are very broad."
Both studies found that teens who played mature-rated, risk-glorifying video games were more likely to engage in risky behavior.
"Up to now, studies of video games have focused primarily on their effects on aggression and violent behaviors," said Dartmouth professor of pediatrics and co-author James Sargent. "This study is important because it is the first to suggest that possible effects of violent video games go well beyond violence to apply to substance use, risky driving and risk-taking sexual behavior."
Hull added, "With respect to playing deviant video game characters, we feel it best to follow the admonition of Kurt Vonnegut in Mother Night: 'We are what we pretend to be, so we must be careful about what we pretend to be.'"
The study was published Monday in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. If you'd like to read it, you'll find a PDF linked below (thanks to Jay Hull for hooking us up!).